Prior to bathing, brush thoroughly to remove any tangles or debris from the fur. Wet your companion with water of an appropriate temperature i.e. warm (not hot) during winter and cooler during summer. Lather the shampoo thoroughly into the dog's fur. When ticks and fleas are present, start at your pet's head, gradually working towards the body. (This will prevent parasites moving up the body to the head). Let the shampoo sit for 2-3 minutes, then rinse thoroughly, until the water runs clear. No specific drying is required.